Tactical Urbanism is truly worthwhile examples of how individuals and small groups can make a city-wide and even national positive long term impact by starting small-scale, short-term and low-cost (and often surprisingly low-tech) and even unauthorized interventions homemade signs and benches, pop-up parks and pedestrian plazas; Useless areas or lifeless places like an abandoned parking lot can be transformed into public spaces of coexistence and leisure and bring more happiness and quality of life to people. Initiatives like this make the difference in cities, and the challenge is to keep them alive. By giving new directions to places through rapid changes, Tactical Urbanism creates cities that are more environmentally friendly and often motivates people to rethink their habits through the different encounters and exchanges these spaces make possible. Tactical Urbanism in a general approach, is a concept that promotes a participatory “do it yourself” vision of urban restructuring, where those who are most affected by a city space-oriented issue, actively mobilize to address it, presenting a form of “reappropriation of urban space” by them.
Tactical Urbanism is not an off the shelf solution. It is a process that should also allow for frequent adjustments to reshape the cities, one street, and block at a time. It is a method in which frustration with the hurdles of civic administration can be a motivation for citizens to take the future of their neighborhood into their own hands before someone else. The whole idea is that “transforming an orderly but dumb system into one that’s more chaotic but smart”.While exhibiting several overlapping features, Tactical Urbanism is a deliberate approach to making the city that presents the following five characteristics:
• A deliberate, phased approach to instigating change;
• An offer of local ideas for local planning challenges;
• Short-term commitment and realistic expectations;
• Low risk, with a possible high return; and
• The development of social capital among citizens, and the building of organizational capacity between public/private, non-profit/NGOs, and their constituents….
Tehran as the capital of Iran seems to be one of the leading cities of urban development in the country. In which population grew at a faster rate than the urban development; but the point is that Tehran faces challenges which big cities across the world have already overcome. Eventually, Tehran has a lot of potentials to understand the examples of Tactical Urbanism towards a city that better reflects the people living in. Restructuring Tehran which has been very fast since 1989 by ruining the buildings, road construction, ruining the neighborhoods, has reduced the sense of belonging to the city and responsibility towards it. Social dynamics and the very rhythms of capital have never followed proper guidelines to the expected high quality of citizens and city interaction. The process of globalization and the rapidity of the circulation of information after the internet has opened up the inefficiency of the strategic ideal; especially in developing countries, such as Iran, where basic infrastructure is so problematic. In some cases even in the absence of sanitation, lighting, and paving, urbanism must balance the need for restructuring with the desire of diversity and the type of liberation and democracy exercise that society needs. It is exactly where tactical urbanism with the innovative ways from the bottom up can work. I found many examples of what could be called successful practices of Tactical Urbanism. It is possible to provide a framework for cities and citizens to approach Tactical Urbanism research and practice projects by addressing the question including “what do successful tactical urban projects have in common? How do encourage people to participate? How could these case studies help tactical initiators get started? How do we create the “Tehran” of the future that we will still want to live in?”….
Answering these questions as they apply to Tehran and other Iranian cities through interviews, informal discussions, content analysis, research, and site visits could lead the urban governance to improve their approach to the urban spaces in general.